I now dare to explain why I am quoting parts of the Simla agreement. I cannot believe that the purpose of the United Nations Charter is to immortalize the suspension of human rights in every territory. The Shimla Agreement states that India and Pakistan are “resolved”; It does not say that they have to. The Simla agreement requires negotiations, not a monologue. The clause that neither party should change the situation unilaterally was the clause by which India violated the Simla Agreement in 1985 by occupying the Siachen Glacier. I would like to point out that the Simla agreement was cancelled when India occupied the Siachen Glacier in 1985. The Lahore declaration was rendered unusable by the failure of the Agra summit between President Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. For the prior reference, I copy the provisions of the Simla agreement (the spelling was then changed to Shimla): the clause numbers correspond to the initial numbering: the second controversial point refers to point ii) which states that “both countries are determined to settle their difference … By all peaceful means acceptable to both sides. Some interpret this provision as excluding any reference to third parties, particularly the United Nations. Of course, those words are not in the text of the agreement. Indira Gandhi insisted that all disputes be resolved bilaterally, as required by the agreement; but only to add that the Kashmir issue had already been resolved.
Pakistani Foreign Minister Sahibzada Yaqub Khan said on 3 June 1986 that neither country had proposed a debate on Kashmir under the pact. Pakistan`s first formal proposal for a meeting “for the opening of negotiations on the settlement of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 6 of the De Simla Agreement” was written in a letter that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif wrote on 14 July 1992 to Prime Minister Narsimha Rao after the outbreak of militancy in Kashmir. Simla`s Pakistani spokesman said he was pleased with the result and said: “We remain where we are until a final agreement is reached,” confirming that Pakistan`s position had been maintained and that the region remained a controversial region. However, some Pakistanis suspected a “secret agreement” when Indira Gandhi changed his position just before the agreement was signed, claiming that Bhutto had entered into a “liquidation contract” to end Pakistan`s right to Kashmir.